The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday approved the implementation of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) for 2021-26 with an expenditure of R ??93,068 crores.
CAMC approved central support from ??37,454 crore to the States and ??Debt Service Crore 20,434.56 for Government of India Irrigation Development Loan during PMKSY 2016-21.
The Accelerated Irrigation Assistance Program (AIBP), Har Khet ko Paani (HKKP) and the watershed development components have been approved for continuation in 2021-2026.
The Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program – a flagship program of the Indian government – aims to financially support irrigation projects. The total creation of additional irrigation potential targeted during 2021-26 under the AIBP is 13.88 lakh hectares. Besides the targeted completion of 60 ongoing projects including the development of their 30.23 lakh hectare command area, additional projects can also be undertaken. The inclusion criteria have been relaxed for projects in tribal and drought-prone areas.
âThe central funding of 90% of the water component for two national projects, namely the Renukaji Dam project (Himachal Pradesh) and the Lakhwar Multipurpose Project (Uttarakhand) has been provisioned. Both projects would provide the start of storage in the Yamuna Basin for the benefit of six states in the Upper Yamuna Basin, increasing Delhi’s water supply as well as Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, UP, Haryana and Rajasthan and a major step towards the rejuvenation of Yamuna, âthe union said. Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw at the cabinet briefing.
Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP) aims to improve physical access to the farm and expand cultivable areas under assured irrigation. Under the HKKP, the minor surface irrigation and repair-renovation-restoration of water bodies component of PMKSY aims to provide additional irrigation of 4.5 lakh hectares. Considering the importance of the rejuvenation of water bodies, the Council of Ministers approved a paradigm shift in the financing of their rejuvenation in urban and rural areas, with a significant extension of their inclusion criteria and an increase central aid from 25% to 60% in the general field. In addition, the groundwater component of HKKP, tentatively approved for 2021-2022, aims to create an irrigation potential of 1.52 lakh hectares, the government said.
The Watershed Development component focuses on the development of rainfed areas towards soil and water conservation, regeneration of groundwater, stopping runoff and promoting extension activities related to collection and Water Management. The approved watershed development component of the Ministry of Land Resources envisions the completion of sanctioned projects covering 49.5 lakh hectares of rain-fed / degraded land to put an additional 2.5 lakh hectares under protective irrigation, during 2021-26 . A specific provision for the development of spring huts has been included in the program.
Launched in 2015, PMKSY is an umbrella program, providing central grants to state governments for specific activities detailed below. It consists of two main components of the Department of Water Resources, River Planning and Ganges Rejuvenation, namely the Accelerated Irrigation Assistance Program (AIBP) and Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP). The HKKP, in turn, is made up of four sub-components, namely Command Area Development (CAD), Minor Surface Irrigation (SMI), Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of water bodies and groundwater development. In addition, the Watershed Development component is implemented by the Ministry of Land Resources.
Another component of PMKSY, Per Drop More Crop, is implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare.
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